5 Things to know about breastfeeding before baby arrives

Breastfeeding a baby is not an easy task, and many mothers at first pregnancy are afraid of this moment. This usually doesn’t come naturally to the little one, which is why you, as a mother, have to learn the correct position of the baby to breastfeed.

Also, you have to learn how to stay and how to prepare for this process. However, clearly, you need to learn a few simple things about breastfeeding before the baby arrives, just as you need to know exactly what maternity luggage should contain.

Some mothers make milk reserves before giving birth
Fearing that they will not be able to produce milk after the baby is born, some mothers will choose to produce milk shortly before birth, to be sure that the baby will be properly fed. Also, another fear is that the little one will not know from the beginning how to catch as much of the areola with the mouth. An inspired decision might be to choose a breast pump before you give birth, to help you have a small supply of milk in the early days.

What exactly happens when the baby is breastfed
One of the misconceptions about breastfeeding is that the baby is breastfed through the nipple. As we explained above, in fact, the baby suck areola around the nipple, that is the pink area, and through the pressure of this process results the milk. When the baby directly sucks the nipple, the milk cannot come out, and breastfeeding can become disturbing to you.

The more you breastfeed, the more you produce
The frequency of breastfeeding helps a lot in terms of the amount of milk produced. If you are breastfeeding frequently, your body will produce even more milk, but this will not happen immediately. In the first weeks after birth, your body will go through an adaptation process, so you have little patience.

Babies need milk 8 to 12 times within 24 hours
A baby will have to be breastfed 8 to 12 times a day, but that doesn’t mean that these meals will come at regular intervals. The idea of ​​a breastfeeding program is wrong, because there are always situations where the little one will ask for food very often.

Avoid baby bottles in the first weeks
If you want natural breastfeeding to go smoothly, you should avoid confusion in the mind of your little one by the occasional use the baby bottles. The baby will make the difference between the textures and you may be in the situation where he doesn’t want to be breastfed. This is due to the fact that he accesses the milk easier through a bottle.

Breastfeeding tips

How to prevent and treat diaper rash

Diaper irritations are among the first challenges that new parents face, especially at the first child. Here’s how to manage diaper irritations, how to treat them and how to prevent them in the future.

Do you suspect that the little one would have diaper rash? It is easy to see if you are right: if the intimate area is filled with a bright red irritation, sometimes accompanied by more intense red dots, the skin is inflamed and slightly warmer to the touch, then you are dealing with an irritation.

How diaper irritations appear

Even the most determined parents can deal with diaper irritations, so you don’t have to blame anyone.

Here are the reasons:

1. Moisture: Even the best diapers leave the skin a little damp
When the moisture in the skin combines with the bacteria in the baby’s seat, ammonia, a substance that is very aggressive with the skin of your child, appears.
For this reason, children with often defecations or even diarrhea are more prone to diaper irritation.

2. Rubbing of the material on the skin and the increased sensitivity
If the little one has a diaper rash, although the skin is dry, it is probably because of the skin’s reaction to the diaper rubbing. The same thing can happen because of chemicals used in obtaining diapers or detergents used by parents wash the baby’s clothes.

3. New foods introduced in the menu
Diaper irritations tend to occur more frequently at the beginning of diversification.
The introduced foods change the composition of the feces, sometimes making them more acidic and more aggressive with the child’s skin.

4. Bacterial or fungal infections
Given that the diaper area is always hot and humid, bacteria and fungi tend to develop better and generate an infection.

How to treat diaper rash

When diaper rash occurs, it’s good to follow these steps to help your baby’s skin to heal:

Keep it as clean and dry as possible by changing its diaper frequently, including during the night.

Wash the baby every time you change the diaper, don’t use wet towels except in cases of when you can’t really do this.

Dry the baby’s skin well, tamping it, not rubbing it with the towel.

Use creams dedicated to skincare in the diaper area, which protects the skin from contact with urine or feces. Apply a thick layer to prevent further irritation.

When it is warm and the child can play outside, leave it as long as possible without a diaper. Exposure to air facilitates healing.

How do you prevent diaper irritations?

Maintaining a dry skin is the first step to prevent diaper irritation.

Wash the baby between diapers, rather than using wet towels.

Don’t use powders, as some types of diaper irritations may worsen the situation.

When the baby begins to diversify, introduce one new food at a time.

Wait a few days before introducing another new food, to see if it causes sensitivity or not.

Don’t tighten the diaper so tightly, because it can no longer circulate the air.

Use gentle detergents for baby’s clothes and remove the balm from the washing routine, as both can irritate the baby’s skin.

In the case of antibiotics, ask your doctor about a probiotic. Probiotics help to develop beneficial bacteria in the intestines, which can reduce the apparition of diaper irritations.

Diaper rash

How to cut and take care of your baby’s nails

The nails of babies, especially those of a newborn, are small, thin and very sharp. They grow from the mother’s tummy, so at birth, some babies already have long nails.

Babies can get hurt if they don’t have their nails cut. That is why in lying-in hospital, newborns are wearing gloves. The responsibility of cutting the nails remains to the parents when they arrive with the baby at home.

How often should you cut the nails of your baby?
Baby nails grow very fast. It is recommended to cut the nails from hand twice a week, and those from the feet once a week. Of course, depending on their own growth rate, parents may choose to cut the child’s nails more or less frequently.

How do we choose the moment when we cut the baby’s nails?
In the first months of life, most parents choose to cut the baby’s nails during sleep. It is good to wait for the baby to be well asleep. During deep sleep, the hands and feet are relaxed, the breathing becomes easy and with another rhythm, the palms are open and the fingers soft (does not resist if you move your fingers).

When the baby is growing, it is possible (but not always) to cut the nails and when he is awake. Many parents choose the moment after the bath, when the nails are softer. You can use toys to distract the child’s attention.

How do we cut the baby’s nails?
It is best to use products specially designed for babies. They are not as sharp as the products for adults and have rounded sharp tips to minimize the risk of injury.

Gently press the fingertip to remove it from the nail. If you are using a scissor, try to cut the nail in a single movement so that it doesn’t remain sharp. If you still cannot smooth the nail, you can use a cardboard pile for finishing.

Don’t cut the corners of the nails!

What do we do if we hurt the baby’s finger?

It may happen. There is nothing serious. Wash under cold water, then put a sterile gauze and lightly apply pressure for 1-2 minutes, to stop the bleeding. Don’t take baby’s finger in your mouth because the wound can become infected with bacteria from the saliva.

Once the bleeding has stopped, all you need to do is to make sure that his finger stays clean and from time to time and wash it with cold water if it gets dirty.

How to trim the nails of your baby

How to overcome postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is surprisingly common and affects one in ten women who become mothers for the first time. It is considered to be related to a massive decrease in hormone levels in women, normal after birth.

However, some women are more prone to this type of depression than others.

Recognition is the first step toward healing. The emotional support from the family is of immense importance in the process of recovery. Specifically, the father may take on certain responsibilities in the care of the child to give the mother a few moments of privacy.

A specialized counselor can be helpful when the family fails to provide the necessary moral support. Many women who go through this stage are not only depressive, but they have anxiety about their baby and their own health, and specialized help in these cases is necessary and extremely helpful. Therapies can help eliminate illogical fears and help the fresh mom feel better in her new posture.

In theory, these therapies help, but there are cases where the doctor may recommend a certain medication. Estrogen and progesterone can be of great help and many women prefer the idea of ​​taking hormones to the detriment of other pills, but in practice, no greater efficacy has been shown for hormone treatment.

Instead, antidepressants really work. For some women, this idea is alarming. Don’t worry, they don’t cause addiction and in many cases, don’t involve breastfeeding. However, many women make the mistake of discontinuing these treatments the second they feel better, and depression with all their symptoms is reinstated, which makes treatment much more difficult.

If you go through the anxieties of postpartum depression, you shouldn’t be ashamed of it. When you become a mother, your identity changes and you struggle with sleepless nights and dirty diapers.

It is normal to feel stress and responsibility. But it is not normal to feel ashamed or guilty. There is no shame in feeling unhappy with or without a particular cause. No mother will tell you that the process of growing a baby is wonderful and everything is fine at all hours of the day and night. Therefore, in the first few weeks, don’t hesitate to ask for family help.

Postpartum depression

How to control your blood sugar during pregnancy

It is true that during the pregnancy you must increase your daily caloric intake, but don’t take literally the phrase: eating for two. It is normal to have a more pronounced hunger sensation. But you will have to rely on the quality of your diet and not the quantity consumed.

Blood sugar in pregnancy and appetite

Each food influences glucose levels (blood sugar level) differently. Imagine you were measuring your blood sugar and this would be shown in a graph. When you eat a chocolate, the line rises sharply, and once the body processes the sugar, it descends not only to the initial level, but even falls far below the limit. I mean, you’re hungry again.

How you control your blood sugar
Pay close attention to your blood sugar and, in order to keep you healthy and limit your hunger, eat foods with a low glycemic index (cereals, fruits, fresh vegetables, nuts, etc.). You will not be hungry so often.

During pregnancy, it’s important to have a healthy diet.

Blood sugar levels and pregnancy

How to control the anger outbursts of your child

Children are difficult, especially when they grow up. You always try to avoid an anger crisis when it starts, you don’t know how to take it, or what to do to calm your child faster. To understand the “phenomenon”, you need to know a few things:

What is anger?
Anger is more or less a violent manifestation of dissatisfaction. It is a necessary feeling because it allows the feelings to be externalized and thus decrease in intensity. Specialists believe that this tendency shouldn’t be suppressed, because it is also a way of releasing, which does good for the psychic.

Why is the child angry?

IT’S THE AGE OF ANGER OUTBURSTS. Even we call it a “whim”, anger outbursts are a specific way of expression for the child of 2-4 years. In this time, he learns that there is another way to think than his way.

FIRST PLACE. The child considers that he is the most important and hardly accepts the constraints.

FROM THE HELPLESSNESS TO FIGHT. The crisis of nerves is just a shield, a stage game that he builds to delimit what he doesn’t like. In addition, he imposes, thus regaining control.

FROM NO REASON. As in adults, the nervous breakdown can be triggered by just about anything, even an older dissatisfaction that wasn’t been manifested so far.

How to control the child’s anger?

Definitely, not reacting violently or ignoring it! Strive to continue to talk to him, with an equal and calm voice. Respect his program, because sometimes the outbursts of anger arise from too much agitation, fatigue, excitement or lack of sleep. Remember that you are an adult and you must behave as such. You must try to understand his reasons and be there for him.

Anger crisis in children

6 Things your nanny won’t tell you

You leave your child with the baby sitter daily and you have full confidence in her. But there are some things that your nanny probably didn’t tell you about the child and her duties.

It’s not your housekeeper
Many people say they were fired because they refused to clean the house while the baby was sleeping. It is quite easy to confuse the nanny with the housekeeper. Don’t forget that the cleaning of the house it’s not one of her duties.

She needs a vacation
If your nanny asks for a day off or a week off, you must respect her wishes. She needs a vacation. If you imagine that you can take a nanny with you on vacation, it is not enough for her, because she still works while you feel good.

She wants a raise
Maybe not an increase in salary but don’t forget to give her something extra even for holidays or her birthday. She’s your employee, not your girlfriend.

Your child needs you
If you have a nanny, don’t abuse her. Your child should spend time with you. She can only take care of him not to be his mother at the same time. Make time for your baby and let her breathe on the weekends.

She wants to be respected
You can’t behave with her like she’s your slave. She has needs, she has desires, sometimes she feels bad, so treat her with respect because she cares for your child and this is a very important thing.

Pay her on time
It’s not good to forget to pay her. This is her service and it is very important for her to be paid on time. Show respect and pay your nanny on the established date.

Thins your nanny don't tell you

Parenting tips for moms of boys

The relationship between mother and son has a lot of details that make it particular, and the boundary between a perfect and an imperfect one is very fine. Moms of boys have a special pride that you will not find in girls’ moms.

This doesn’t mean that the mothers of the girls are less proud of their child, but their manifestations are largely different.

Be affectionate. There is a tendency to show less affection for boys than for girls. Mothers believe that manifestation of affection towards their boy, through warm hugs and gestures could undermine the masculinity of their child.

In reality, the boys need the same evidence of affection that the girls need and not only when they are very young. A warm relationship between mother and son teaches him what affection is and gives him self-confidence. As the child grows, the boys may manifest their need for independence more intensely, but that doesn’t mean that the mother’s tender hugs and gestures must disappear.

Teach him respect and kindness. If your boy doesn’t learn from his mother kindness and what it means to respect others, will never be able to understand the value of these feelings. Respect doesn’t mean just a polite attitude, as kindness doesn’t mean just helping someone.

Teach him to show his emotions. Parents think it is normal for a girl to cry, but with a certain restraint look at a boy’s emotions and tears. In fact, it is also good and necessary for a boy (future man) to show his emotions and feelings. Emotions are what make us people. From the idea that boys have to hide their emotions, we have come to believe that playing with boys with puppets is unhealthy and gestures of affection between mother and boy are not necessary.

The great art of boys’ mothers is to be consistent in attitude and manifestation towards their child. Teach him to do it alone. Not only the girls have to learn from their mothers what the administrative tasks in a house are and the principles of organization. The same skills must be acquired by your son. It is no shame, even if he will make food with you, or if he will help you with washing and cleaning.

Give maximum importance to school education. Boys have a different evolution than girls. The boys doesn’t grow up slowly, the reality is that they simply have other growing mechanisms. As a result, they need intense supervision and an honest assessment of how they evolve. Communicate constantly with your son’s teachers and help him when he needs it.

Tips for moms of boys

Post-holiday syndrome in children

The post-holiday syndrome is perfectly normal and natural, and little ones cannot manage it as effectively as an adult can, and as a result, they need the help and support of family and teachers.

The state of stress can last from a few days to one-two weeks and involves the amount of time a child needs in order to overcome the period of rehabilitation at the rhythm of school days.

Post-vacation syndrome affects very young children especially, but it is manifested in all children, regardless of their age. For some, the re-start of school in September is a joy because they see their colleagues again or because they receive new books, but there are also many children for whom it is a cause for anxiety.

The post-holiday syndrome can manifest in the form of sadness, irritability, sleep disorders, fatigue, loss of appetite, diffuse body pain, diarrhea or vomiting.

One aspect that can intervene in favor of the children is nutrition. Experts say that a balanced diet is fundamental in all stages of life, being beneficial, among others, for the mood. Fruits, vegetables, dairy products and dried fruits are essential because they bring vitamins that support nerve cell activity.

Preparation for the beginning of the school must begin at least two weeks before the actual time. Children should start sleeping and waking up at the appropriate hours, so that they don’t feel tired during the first days of school. Parents can set up routine activities (at the same time). For example, dinner-washing-sleeping. Children need to be encouraged, rewarded when they do something right.

Parents should explain to their children the positive aspects of re-starting school: they will see their colleagues again and will tell them how they spent their vacation. Discussing this topic at home is a stimulus for children, because they can recognize family support.

Post holiday syndrome

How to teach your child to make wise decisions

Raising children who, when they are adults, will make the best decisions for their lives is the dream of any parent. In a world with endless possibilities, with many factors that distract the child from his goal, it becomes a difficult task for parents.

When the child is born, he is totally dependent on adults. In early childhood, parents decide what is good, what is safe. But exercises to make simple decisions start early. Choosing a toy from the store or kindergarten is part of the learning process.

Ask him “Red or blue blouse, what do you want?” A choice with a maximum of 2-3 options would be appropriate, to be as simple as possible. Choosing a single toy from an entire store is an overwhelming decision for a small child. Limiting diversity to two favorite toys can make the choice possible.

As children grow up, they can make choices about hobbies, sleep time, with whom to go to a movie, what course to enroll, etc. To guide the child in making a good decision involves discussion, analyzing the consequences of one choice or another. Training, encouraging good decisions for the child, and discussing the right decisions when making bad choices are part of the learning process.

“Children learn better by looking at how their parents behave than by listening to what they say,” says Barry Schwartz, a psychology professor.

If you are discussing with the child what car you want to buy for the family or what would be better to buy a grandparent’s day gift – discussing pros and cons, choice criteria (price, grandparent’s preferences and gift usefulness) – then you allow the child to see what the steps of a decision are, to have a roadmap for making a decision.

Play the game: “What if …?”, using the surrounding reality
You can give the child scenarios to solve which require choices and ways to solve problems. Ask him what he would choose if he is invited at two of his colleagues’ birthdays at the same time and on the same day. Or what would he do with the money if he won 100 euros at a contest? Thus, you will encourage him to use critical thinking and improve his decision-making skills.

Allow them to make mistakes. If it’s not a health or safety issue, you can allow the child to make less good decisions. These will help him assess the consequences of a good / less good decision. If he comes and complains that he lost all his money at school, next time he won’t take all the money with him.

Children and wise decisions

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